Par Pierre Barbaroux
This article investigates the evolution of space industries from 2000 to 2013. Building on descriptive statistics regarding the volumes of spacecraft launched by major space Nations (United-States, Russia, Europe, China, Japan and India), it provides evidence that the asymmetry between government (e.g., space agencies and military organizations) and non-government customers (e.g., universities, research laboratories and private companies) decreased before getting stable. However, it also demonstrates that the shift toward a (more) balanced market structure between public and private, commercial and non-commercial, government and non-government customers of space assets is not homogeneous among space Nations.
JEL Codes: O3, O33, O38